GLOSSARY OF TERMS
the point in the Moon's orbit greatest distance to the Earth.
Annual One Day rise or fall for a particular index is the biggest one day % rise or
fall in the year commencing March 1.
the point of ecliptic longitude on the eastern horizon at a specific place
A delusive commercial or financial scheme, in which rampant speculation
and subsequent collapse is experienced.
Business Cycle. Fluctuations in business, economic and financial
activity, most evident in free market, industrial societies. The recurring
cycle consists of expansion in activity followed by contraction and
recession. The severity (amplitude) and duration of a business cycle
varies considerably from fluctuation to fluctuation.
Cycle (spelt by some sources as Callipic) is the
Metonic Cycle multiplied by 4 and is based on 940 Synodic months.
Celestial Equator is the plane of the Earth’s equator extended out
onto the sky.
occurs with the alignment at 0 angular degrees on the ecliptic plane of
two or more planets/points as viewed from Earth. For this to happen, they
must have the same ecliptic longitude.
Collapse of asset prices or failure of an important bank or firm.
This is a decisive turning point for the worse in an economic cycle in
which widespread economic and financial distress is experienced.
when a heavenly body reaches its maximum altitude above the horizon.
series that repeats itself in an approximately constant period.
A protracted period in which economic activity is at the lowest phase of a
business cycle. It is typified by reduced industrial production, high
unemployment, business failures and low consumer demand.
Diurnal Cycle. The apparent rising/culmination/setting of a
heavenly body eg: solar day, lunar day, etc, as observed from a particular
site on the Earth's surface. This arises due to the Earth's daily spin on
solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes directly between the Sun and
Earth obscuring at least part of the Sun when viewed from Earth. A lunar
eclipse is less common and happens when the Earth passes between the Sun
and Moon. This causes the Earth's shadow to darken the Moon. For eclipses
to manifest, the Sun and Moon alignment must be in close proximity to the
Moon's nodes (ie: in a straight line).
The plane of the Earth's orbit around the Sun, which is inclined at 23.5
degrees to the plane of the Earth's equator.
are node points where the plane of the Earth’s equator cuts the
ecliptic. At these points, the equatorial ascending node is where the Sun
passes from below to above the celestial equator at 0 Eo (0 Aries - vernal or spring
equinox at around 20 March) as viewed from the northern hemisphere. The
equatorial descending node is where the Sun passes from above to below the
celestial equator at 180 Eo (0 Libra - autumnal equinox at around 22
Full Moon. Occurs when the Earth is positioned between the
Sun and Moon (ie: the Sun - Moon angle is 180 degrees when viewed from
Gold Bullion Standard. Gold coins do not circulate
freely within a country and could not be exchanged for other coin. Notes
could be redeemable for gold bullion at a set price.
Gold Standard. This sets a fixed price for gold with gold coin
forming either part or all of the circulation within a country. Notes are
represented and redeemable in gold. An international gold standard applies
when gold, or a currency convertible into gold at a fixed price, is used
for international payments. Exchange rates are fixed and gold may be
exported or imported freely between countries.
Plane (or Horizontal Plane). At a given location on the
Earth’s surface, this plane separates the earth from the sky.
Inex separates two consecutive Saros series and is
equal to 358 synodic months (28.95 tropical years). In the Inex period,
the Sun repeats the same angle to the Moon with the north node 180 Eo on the opposite side of the ecliptic.
Lunar day is the period from moonrise to moonrise and equals
A speculative craze.
Central is the plane connecting the north – south axis
points with the zenith point.
Every 19.0 tropical years (or 235 synodic months)
from the precise date of a full/new Moon, another full/new Moon occurs at
approximately the same degree of the ecliptic and about the same date. The
ancient Greeks called 19 the golden number as the same lunar phase repeats
on the same date every 19.0 years.
Heaven. The highest point above the horizon attained by a
(or anomalistic month) is the time taken for the Moon to complete one cycle
from perigee to perigee and equals 27.5546 days.
Month, Nodical (or Draconic Month). The time taken for the Moon
to complete one cycle north node to north node and is equal to 27.2122
Month, Sidereal. The time taken for the Moon to travel from a fixed
star back to the same fixed star. It is almost exactly equivalent to the
tropical month and equals 27.3217 days.
Synodic (or Lunar Month). The time taken for the Moon to
complete one cycle new Moon to new Moon and is equal to 29.5306 days.
Month, Tropical. The time taken for the Moon to complete one 360
degree cycle of the ecliptical circle
and equals 27.3216 days.
Moon's Orbital Plane. Plane of the Moon's orbit around the Earth, which
is inclined by 5 degrees to the ecliptic plane.
New Moon. Occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and
Earth (ie: the Sun - Moon angle is 0 degrees when viewed from Earth).
Nutation Cycle. The time taken for the Moon's north node to
complete one 360 degree cycle retrograde (ie: clockwise) through the
ecliptic circle and equals 18.6133 tropical years.
In astronomy, these are two points (eg: equinoxes, lunar nodes, etc) where
the orbit of a heavenly body cuts an astronomical plane or where two
astronomical planes intersect.
Node, Moon’s. The plane of the Moon's orbit is inclined at 5
degrees to the plane of the Earth's orbit around the Sun (the ecliptic).
The lunar nodes are the points where these two planes intersect. The north
or ascending node is where the Moon passes from below to above the
ecliptic (South to North). The south or descending
node is where the Moon passes from above to below the ecliptic
(North to South).
Nodical Cycles of the Sun and Moon. This covers two lunisolar
cycles - the nodical year (Sun angle to the north node ) and the nodical
month (Moon angle to the north node).
Sudden fright in financial markets with a mad irrational rush out of
speculation into hard assets and liquidity.
Plane (or Parallel of Latitude) is the plane of at given latitude north or south that cuts through
the Earth and is parallel with the equator.
The point in the Moon's orbit closest distance to the Earth. It takes 8.85
years to complete one cycle of the ecliptic circle in direct motion
Vertical is the plane connecting the East – West axis and
the zenith and nadir points. It is at right angles (90 Ao)
to the horizonal plane.
A mild or severe decline in economic activity, followed by recovery.
Standard definition: A decline in Gross National Product for at least two
(or Locked Harmonics) occurs in astronomy when there is a simple numerical
ratio between two periods that leads to repeated configurations.
Rising Point. The time a heavenly body rises on the eastern
Saros Cycle. This is the interval between two similar eclipses
(every 223 lunar months or 6,585.32 days) when the relative angles between
the Sun, Moon and Moon’s nodes repeat to within a degree.
Saros Cycle, Triple
(or Exeligmos) Because of the extra one-third day
in the Saros (6,585.32 days),
an eclipse happens every 18.03 years approximately 120 degrees longitude
further West on the surface of the Earth. After three Saros cycles of
54.09 years from the precise date of an eclipse, another occurs at about
the same longitude.
Planetary or lunisolar motions relative to the 360 degree circle of fixed
stars along the ecliptic circle.
Times of the year when the Sun is furthest from the equator at 270 Eo (December
22) or 90 Eo (June 21).
Coin rather than paper money.
Storms on the Sun's surface which appear dark in comparison to the
Year, Anomalistic is the time taken for the Sun to complete one
cycle from perihelion to perihelion (ie the point where the Earth is
closest distance to the Sun) and is equal to 365.2596 days.
Year, Lunar is the year based on 12 synodic months and it is equal
to 354.37 days. This is found in astronomy as the interval between the
Saros cycle (223 synodic months) and Metonic cycle (235 synodic months).
Year, Nodical (or more astronomically correct - the Eclipse
Year). The time taken for the
Sun to complete one cycle north node to north node and equals 346.6201
Year, Tropical. (or Solar Year) Time taken for the Sun to complete
one cycle of the ecliptic circle from spring equinox to spring equinox and
is equal to 365.2422 days.
Point in the heavens directly above a particular location on the Earth’s
band of the sky ranging about 9 degrees either side of the ecliptical
circle, in which the Moon and the planets remain. In astrology, this band
is divided into 12 zodiac signs from the vernal equinox (Sun at 0 Eo
equivalent to 0 Aries), each of 30 degrees ecliptic longitude. This gives
the tropical zodiac. In comparison, the sidereal zodiac is related to the
360 degree circle of the fixed stars along the ecliptic.