MOON SUN WEATHER - ACADEMIC REFERENCES
This page gives a listing of some academic papers published on Moon Sun
Hurricane formation in the Atlantic and
eastern Pacific can be
linked to a 9/56 Year Cycle: Hurricanes and thus Moon Sun tidal effects.
Formation of Depressions in the Indian Seas & Lunar Phase
VISVANATHAN, T R
Nature, Volume 210, Issue 5034, pp. 406-407 (1966).
Abstract: "It was recently shown that the occurrence of
heavy rainfall (10 in. and above in 24 h) is related to lunar
phase. It will be evident that such heavy falls are mostly associated
with depressions, some of which intensify into cyclones and severe
cyclones. A study was therefore undertaken to examine the dates of
formation of depressions in the Indian Seas vis-à-vis the lunar
phase. This communication was prompted by Bradley's article ``Tidal
Components in Hurricane Development'' and is
intended to provide some additional information to support his
Observed Relationship Between Lunar
Tidal Cycles& Formation of Hurricanes and Tropical Storms.
Thomas H CARPENTER, Ronald L HOLLE & Jose J FERNANDEZ-PARTAGAS.
Monthly Weather Review. 1972; 100: 451-460
Abstract: "To examine the hypothesis of a worldwide relation
between some lunar periods and tropical disturbances, we collected
first-formation dates for 1,013 hurricanes and typhoons and 2,418
tropical storms in both hemispheres. Using the superposed epoch method,
we found a lunar synodic cycle (29.53 days) in North Atlantic hurricane
and northwest Pacific typhoon formation dates. About 20 percent more
hurricanes and typhoons formed near new and full moon than near the
quarters during a 78-yr period, showing a stronger peak at new moon than
at full moon. Statistically, the existence of an effect dependent on the
lunar synodic cycle is supported by a significance level of 7% on
unsmoothed data from an analysis of variance for categorical data.
"During the same 78 yr. North Atlantic tropical storms that did not
later become hurricanes tended to form near the lunar quarters. Several
other categories of tropical storms were not clearly related to the
synodic month. Severe tropical storms in two portions of the Indian
Ocean over 75 yr formed more often several days after syzygy and
quadrature, but this and other severe tropical storm results lack
definition, probably due to poor data."
"Theoretical calculations of the lunar-solar
gravitational tide showed that the anomalistic lunar cycle affects only
the amplitude and not the timing of extrema. No marked anomalistic or
latitude components in hurricane formation were found."
Influence of Lunar Phase on Daily
Robert C BALLING Jnr & Randall S CERVENY
Office of Climatology. Arizona State University
Science 10 March 1995: Vol. 267. no. 5203, pp. 1481 - 1483
Abstract: "A newly available data set of daily
satellite-derived, lower-tropospheric global temperature anomalies
povides an opportunity to assess the influence of lunar phase on
planetary temperature. These results reveal a statistically significant
0.02K modulation between new Moon and full Moon, with the warmest
daily global temperatures over a synodic month coincident with the
occurrence of the full Moon. Spectral analysis of the daily temperature
record confirms the presence of a periodicity that matches the lunar
synodic (29.53 day) cycle. The precision of the satellite-based daily
temperature record allows verification that the Moon exerts a
discernible influence on the short term global temperature
fluctuations of daily rainburst and the cycle of the lunar year
Hassan ALI GHAYOOR, Geography Department, Isfahan
University, Isfahan, Iran
International Journal of Climatology. Vol 6, Issue 1. pp 83-95.
Abstract: "The purpose of this research is to investigate climatic
fluctuations connected with the cycles of the lunar year. The rainfall
data belonging to the Balcombe station, Sussex, England, are used. From
these data, variations in the frequency per year of daily rainfalls over
25 mm, which in this research are called daily rainbursts, are
investigated, and the results show that there is a quasi-regular
fluctuation, connected with the cycles of the moon, in the number of
North Atlantic Hurricane Frequency
J. B. ELSNER,
A. B. KARA, AND
M. A. OWENS
of Meteorology, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida
Journal of Climate.
p 427-437. Vol 12. Feb 1999.
annual record of hurricane
activity in the North Atlantic basin for the period 1886–1996 is
examined from the perspective of time series analysis. Singular spectrum
analysis combined with the maximum entropy method is used on the time
series of annual hurricane occurrences over the entire basin to extract
the dominant modes of oscillation. The annual frequency of hurricanes is
modulated on the biennial, semidecadal, and near-decadal timescales. The
biennial and semidecadal oscillations correspond to two well-known
physical forcings in the local and global climate. These include a shift
in tropical stratospheric winds between an east and west phase
[quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO)] and a shift in equatorial Pacific
Ocean temperatures between a warm and cold phase [El Nin˜o–Southern
Oscillation (ENSO)]. These climate signals have
previously been implicated in
modulating interannual hurricane activity in the North Atlantic and
elsewhere. The near-decadal oscillation is
a new finding. Separate analyses on tropical-only (TO) and
baroclinically enhanced (BE) hurricane
that the two components are largely complementary with respect to their
frequency spectra. The spectrum of
TO hurricanes is dominated by timescales associated with ENSO and the
QBO, while the near-decadal timescale dominates
the spectrum of BE hurricanes. Speculations as to the cause of the
near-decadal oscillation of BE hurricanes
center on changes in Atlantic SSTs possibly through changes in
evaporation rates. Specifically, cross- correlation
analysis points to solar activity as a possible explanation. ”
Rapid Growth Events & The Lunar Synodic Cycle.
YAUKEY, Peter. University of New Orleans.
Paper presented at Hurricanes III Climate Dynamics & Biotic
Association of American Geographers 2009 Annual General Meeting. March
2009. Las Vegas, Nevada.
Relation of the weather and the
lunar cycle with the incidence of trauma
in the Groningen region over a 36-year period.
STOMP W, Fidler V, ten DUIS HJ & Nijsten MW.
Dept of Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen,
University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
J Trauma. 2009 Nov; 67(5): 1103-08
Background: "The time
distribution of injuries is not random. To assess the potential impact
of weather and the phase of the moon on accidents, adjustment for known
periodic and nonperiodic factors may be important. We compared the
incidence of injuries with quantitative and qualitative weather
variables as well as the lunar cycle, after correction for calendar and
holiday-related factors. METHODS: We extracted the daily number of
trauma patients treated at the emergency department over 36 years
(1970-2005) from the trauma database of our regional hospital. For each
patient, age, sex, cause of injury, and severity of injury were
recorded. This was combined with daily meteorological data including
temperature, precipitation, sunshine, humidity, air pressure, and wind
as well as the lunar phase. We also related the rate of change of these
parameters with the incidence of injuries. A qualitative weather
variable derived from temperature, sunshine duration, and precipitation
was defined as bad, normal, or good. Periodicities were adjusted for
with Poisson regression spline fitting analysis. RESULTS: Several
weather variables were related with the number of injuries. For most of
these, better weather conditions were associated with an increase in
trauma incidence. Good weather, which was present on 16.5% of the days,
resulted in 10.1% (9.3-11.4 95% CI) more traumas compared with normal
weather. Full moon was associated with a 2.1% (1.1-3.0 95% CI) lower
trauma incidence than new moon. CONCLUSIONS: Better weather conditions
contribute to an increased incidence of trauma. Full moon is associated
with a slightly lower trauma incidence."
ARTICLES ON MOON SUN WEATHER
Cycle Affects Cyclone Strength
Michael REILLY. Discovery News. ABC Science. Mar 09, 2009.